References Cited in
"Fuel Ethanol: Guideline for Release Prevention & Impact Mitigation"

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[2] Bedessem, M. E., Ferro, A. M., & Hiegel, T. (2007). Pilot-Scale constructed wetlands for petroleum-contaminated groundwater. Water Environmental Resources, 79(6), 581-586.

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[5] Evans, F. F., Rosado, A. S., Sebastian, G. V., Casella, R., Machado, P., Holmstrom, C., … Kjelleberg, S. (2004). Impact of oil contamination and biostimulation on the diversity of indigenous bacterial communities in soil microcosms. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 49, 295-305.

[6] Franklin Regional Council of Governments. (2014). Ethanol Response Plan. Retrieved from

[7] Heiser, D. (1999). Bioremediation of Petroleum Pollutants in Cold Environments. Restoration and Reclamation Review, 5(2).

[8] Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. (1999). Health and Environmental Assessment of the Use of Ethanol as a Fuel Oxygenate, Report to the California Environmental Policy Council in Response to Executive Order D-5-99.

[9] Liu, X. (2015). Change of U.S. Freight-Train Derailment Rate From 2000 to 2012. San Jose, CA.

[10] Malcolm Pirnie, Inc. (1998). Evaluation of the Fate and Transport of Ethanol in the Environment. American Methanol Institute.

[11] Margesin, R., & Schinner, F. (2001). Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Hydrocarbons in Extreme Environments. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 56, 650-663.

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[13] Oppenheimer Biotechnology. (n.d.). Oppenheimer Nutrient Blend Label.

[14] Powers, S. E., Hunt, C. S., Heermann, S. E., Corseuil, H. X., Rice, D., & Alvarez, P. J. (2001). The Transport and Fate of Ethanol and BTEX in Groundwater Contaminated by Gasohol. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology.

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[21] Shaw Environmental and Infrastructure Group. (July 2011). Large Volume Ethanol Spills – Environmental Impacts and Response Options. Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.

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[23] U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. (2012). Emergency Response Guidebook. Neenah, WI: J.J. Keller and Associates.

[24] Voegel, E. (2015, May 5). Ethanol Producer Magazine – The Latest News and Data About Ethanol Production. Retrieved from

[25] Wilson, J., & Adair, C. (2008). Production of Methane during Anaerobic Degradation of Ethanol in Gasoline. Atlanta, GA.